BV, short for bacterial vaginosis, is a type of vaginal infection that occurs when there is an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina. Normally, the vagina contains a delicate balance of different types of bacteria, including lactobacilli, which help keep the pH level of the vagina acidic and prevent the overgrowth of harmful bacteria.

However, when there is an imbalance in the vaginal bacteria, it can lead to BV. This imbalance can be caused by various factors, such as sexual activity, douching, hormonal changes, or the use of certain hygiene products. It is important to note that BV is not considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), although it can increase the risk of acquiring an STI.

Causes of BV
The exact cause of BV is still not fully understood. However, several factors can increase the risk of developing BV. These include:

  1. Sexual activity:Engaging in sexual activity, especially with multiple partners or a new partner, can disrupt the natural balance of vaginal bacteria and increase the risk of BV.
  2. Douching: Douching, or using water or other solutions to clean the vagina, can disturb the natural pH balance of the vagina and lead to an overgrowth of harmful bacteria.
  3. Hormonal changes:Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy or menopause, can alter the vaginal environment and make it more prone to bacterial imbalances.
  4. Hygiene products:The use of certain hygiene products, such as scented soaps, bubble baths, or vaginal deodorants, can irritate the vaginal area and disrupt the natural balance of bacteria.
What is BV - Vagibiom